Institute of primary school teacher training

Introduction
Intermediate teacher training
Teacher training in Nyíregyháza has a half  century long  history. In the middle of the last century, in 1847 teacher training was launched  in the city thanks to the organizational  work of the Lutheran school. But after a year of economic uncertainty and the state of war, its operation was suspended temporarily. Teacher training was re-launched just in 1859, and was operating continuously until 1873, when the Institute  moved to Eperjes. The training ceased and had a pause four decades, till the  Institute Training  Elementary School Teachers in Nyíregyháza was opened in 1914 by the Hungarian Royal Government and functioned until 1959 when it was re-organized  ranging from  intermediate to  an advanced level of teacher training.
At the beginning of the 20th century another school, the Calvinist teacher training  (Leánykálvineum), opened in Nyíregyháza. From 1914 to 1961, 6306 students enrolled into the state teacher training school of Nyíregyháza and 1374  teachers gained  their degrees here.  Between 1957 and 1928, at the Calvinist teacher training 6523 students were studying, and until 1948, when the nationalization of the school took place, 670 certificates were issued.
Former leaders of the Department:
Kuzaila Péter 1914-1924
Lukács Béla 1924-1934
Bácsfalvi (Ehrlich) Antal 1934-1936
Dohanics János 1936-1949
Dr. Kiss Lajos 1949-1959
Leánykálvineum:
Dr. Ferenczy Károly 1928-1938
Porzsolt István 1938-1948
Advanced teacher training
In the September  1959, the first academic institution of our county  opened for advanced teacher training. Its importance and regional role is confirmed by the fact that this was the only institution of higher education in Nyíregyháza and even the county. The teachers of this institution became the founders of teacher training college later.
Two distinct periods can be distinguished in the organizational development of the advanced teacher training in Nyíregyháza.   Each period is affected by the existing conditions, and bear special features compared to other teacher training schools in the country. The first stage is the independent advanced teacher training; and the second is the "Nyíregyháza model", a notion which is contained in the educational lexicon as well.
The individual institution-framed teacher training lasted eleven years (1959-1970).
In 1970, the advanced primary school teacher training school was integrated into the teacher training college in 1962, and after it the so- called " Nyíregyháza model" training was formed, which is a method, according to which primary school teachers (for 1-4 classes) and teachers for middle schools (5-8 classes) are prepared based on  common principles and criteria within the same institution. From 1973 the Institute of Education was also attached to the Teacher Training College. Its members were trainers teaching mother tongue, mathematics, natural sciences and related subjects. In 1983 a separate unit was established called the Institute of Primary School Teacher Training. The Institute has  full-time students since 1970 and correspondence students since 1973.
The reforms aiming at the  modernization of the  teacher education have modified the traditional education systems several times in the past decades:
 
-1975 - introduction of special colleges;
- from school year  1984/85  as an experiment, the primary school teacher   coupled with a middle school teacher major (Mathematics, Hungarian, Religion, English, German, Music, Drawing)  training (4-year training) was introduced ;
- from school year  1995/96 only the Drawing and Music pairs persisted, but these also ceased to operate  after the credit system was introduced;
- considering the region’s needs, the  kindergarten teachertraining was launched as well;
- With the expansion of the three year training to  four-year training  areas of specialization were introduced, an integrated module was added to the traditional tasks for primary school teachers (for 1-4. grades). The competion of this module made the graduates eligible   to teach in grades 5-6 as well - in the selected area, depending on the selected study module. The student could select these modules from the areas of education offered by the institution: Hungarian, Mathematics, Foreign language (English), Man and society, Physical Education, Natural Sciences, Music, Visual Education. At the same time, with the introduction of he four-year teacher training, the postgraduate training  system was developed based on the basic training, considering the region's needs.
- Between 1994 and 1999, the College of Nyíregyháza was running an outsourced training in Beregszász. The Hungarian Primary School and Nursery Teacher Training in Transcarpathia was launched by the Primary school Teacher Training Institute and now it is officially recognized by the Ukrainian state. It operates within the II. Rákóczi Ferenc Transcarpathian Hungarian Academy.
 
In 2000, after the integration of the higher education institutions of the town, the College of Nyíregyháza was established with 4 faculties. In 2006, a further, a fifth faculty was added: the  Teacher Training Faculty, which includes  the Primary School Teacher Training Institute as well.
 
Former leaders of the Department, Institute:
Adriányi László head of the institute  1959-1970
Lengváry Józsefné head of the institute, head of department 1970-1977
Sárdy Béla head of department 1977-1981
Oroszné dr. Deák Judit head of the institute, head of department 1981-1990
Dr. Iszály Ferenc head of the institute 1990-1991
Dr. Miklovicz Árpád head of the institute 1991-2001
Dr. Jenei Teréz head of the institute 2001- professional activity
Members of the staff and their
The following subjects are taught by the teachers of our own institute: Hungarian language and literature, mathematics, natural sciences, technology, information technology, psychology, pedagogy and music. Social studies, visual education, foreign languages ​​and physical education subjects are supplied by the staff members of the other departments.
The research work of the Primary School Teacher Training Institute together with other departments is very varied. A part of the research is  basic research, which is linked to language, literature, social and education studies, as well as to the subject of the pedagogy  of mathematics and natural sciences. These are mostly individual researches and can be followed in the  publication list of each colleague.
A different research group  deals with  applied research related to achieving training goals, development of teacher training and public education, most of them are development type of research. The effectiveness of the research and  the recognition are confirmed by the fact that almost all research themes are sponsored by support projects (eg. native language talent support, mathematical talent support, introduction to Romology training and studies at the College of Nyíregyháza).
In addition to scientific research and development results, artistic achievements have great importance, thanks to the work and performance of the artist teachers.
 
The nationally recognized high-quality teacher training is supported by two practice schools, where our current students can achieve outstanding results in national school competitions, with the support of the older students.
 
Traditions and events
Among our traditions the annual gala is the most important, which is organized for "The Memory of the Leánykálvineum Calvinist Teacher Training School for Teacher Training in Nyíregyháza ". The foundation registered in 2000 by four retired school teacher (Ferencz Miklósné, Karasz Istvánné, Nagy Miklósné and Porzsolt Istvánné), was established with the aim to support with scholarship in each semester the most worthy and socially needy students and at the end of the year one of the graduate students with excellent academic record  who may get the Teacher’s prize given by the Advisory Board. The Foundation's fund is augmented each spring from 2002 with our charity evening. The  success of the evening is  provided greatly by the former and current pupils, the graduated students’ groups of children and colleagues.
Saying farewell to our graduates is one of the finest, most intimate events. We greet them with a gala in a lecture hall decorated bythe third-year students. On the same evening, we also invite them to a champagne toast, with the short show of each study  group, farewell songs, chatting at the festive table (a gift from the teachers), summoning memories and singing.
 
Every year in November, the home round of the teaching competition is held in the two practice schools. The selection is similar to the Beautiful Hungarian Speech events, story and poem telling. The winning student represents our school at the national round. Many of them have achieved good results (first places at nationwide school competitions, Kazinczy- and Benedek Elek-medalists). In 2009, we announced  the "Student Pen" contest for the students with primary school teacher and kindergarten teacher major.
 

We are in contact with other institutions abroad as well. We have regular professional meetings with the Hungarian teacher training schools of Szatmárnémeti (Satu-Mare) and Beregszász. Several students gained Erasmus scholarships to Kajaani, Finland.

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